Senators and representatives may be home for recess, but the issues they left in Washington will be here when they return on September 5. Not only will the issues be here, but the urgency to address them will have increased significantly.
Top issues that await them include: the adoption of a federal budget, 12 appropriations bills, legislation to raise the debt ceiling, and tax reform. It is also possible that health care legislation may come up for consideration again.
This is why NARC felt it was important to host a conference call last Wednesday on the current status of the federal budget with Deborah Cox, legislative director at the National Association of Counties (NACo); Michael Wallace, program director of federal advocacy at the National League of Cities (NLC); and NARC staff. We wanted to provide you, our members, with an update on where these urgent issues stand so that you can better understand how these legislative items may impact your regions, counties, cities, and towns. We also wanted to provide you with information on how to educate your representatives and senators about the impact their decisions are likely to have on your regions and, especially, the people who live there.
Here is what you need to know:
- Congress is faced with three important legislative deadlines in September.
- Adoption of the 12 FY 2018 appropriations bills.
- Passage of legislation that raises the debt ceiling.
- Adoption of a FY 2018 budget that will pave the road for tax reform legislation.
- The budget and appropriations process, as in years past, is behind schedule. Congressional leaders are scrambling to adopt some type of comprehensive appropriations bill by the end of September to keep the government open. More than likely, Congress will be forced to pass a temporary continuing resolution through mid-December.
- The final appropriations bills will not be adopted until later this year or early next year. It is likely an omnibus bill incorporating all 12 appropriations bills into a single bill will be passed. The omnibus bill is expected to increase defense spending substantially while cutting some non-defense discretionary funding.
- When appropriations legislation is bipartisan, cities, counties, and regions benefit much more. Right now, the process is very partisan and the impact on cities, counties, and regions is not likely to be positive. However, it is likely that Republicans will need Democrats to pass any omnibus appropriations bill. This will help the process become bipartisan, possibly yielding a positive outcome.
- Legislation that permits the Treasury to borrow funds to pay the government’s bills (commonly referred to as “raising the debt ceiling”) must be passed by September 29, or there is the risk that the federal government will not be able to pay its bills. This may cause the United States to default on its debt, forcing the federal government to shut down.
- If Congress is to move forward with tax reform, it will need to adopt a FY 2018 budget. This will provide direction on how to move forward and give the Senate authority to adopt tax reform legislation with a simple majority (51 votes) rather than a super majority (60 votes).
- Senators and representatives drafting tax reform legislation are seriously considering eliminating the state and local tax deduction and the tax-exempt status for municipal bonds to pay for massive tax cuts.
NACo, NLC, and NARC staff shared that while the president proposed to eliminate funding for the weatherization assistance program, the House and Senate would fund the program at FY 2017 levels ($211.6 million). The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), which the president zeroed out, would be funded by the Senate at current levels and by the House at $2.9 billion, just $100 million below current levels. For the HOME Investment Partnerships Program (HOME), which the president sought to eliminate, the House would cut funding by $100 million to $850 million. Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grant program, which the president and the House wanted to eliminate, would be funded by the Senate at 10 percent over current levels to $550 million. Another program on the president’s list to cut drastically was New Starts, which would be funded by the House at $1.75 million and by the Senate by $2.13 billion. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), which would have been eliminated had the president prevailed, would be maintained by the House at current levels ($3.4 billion). Finally, while the president would have reduced funding for workforce development programs by $1.3 billion, these programs would be cut by the House by only $300 million.
More specific funding information is provided in the table below.
|FY 2017 |
|FY 2018 |
|FY 2018 |
|Energy & Environment|
|Weatherization Assistance Program||$211.6 M||$0||$211.6 M||$211.6 M|
|Brownfields Program||$80 M||$69 M||$90 M||Not Available|
|Housing and Urban Development|
|Housing and Urban Development Department||$38.844 B||$31.075 B||$38.3 B||$40.244 B|
|Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)||$3 B||$0||$2.9 B||$ 3 B|
|HOME Investment Partnership Program||$950 M||$0||$850 M||$ 950 M|
|Tenant Based Rental Assistance||$20.292 B||Reduces Rental Assistance Programs by $1.9 B||$20.487 B||$21.365 B|
|Project Based Rental Assistance||$10.816 B||Reduces Rental Assistance Programs by $1.9 B||$11.082 B||$11.5 B|
|Department of Homeland Security||$41.3 B||$44.1 B||$44.3 B||Not Available|
|Department of Transportation||$18.5 B||$16.2 B||$17.8 B||$19.5 B|
|TIGER Grant Program||$500 M||$0||$0||$550 M|
|Capital Investment Grants (New Starts)||$2.4 B||$1.2 B||$1.75 B||$2.13 B|
|Amtrak and Passenger Rail||$1.5 B||$795 M||$1.4 B||$1.6 B|
|Gateway Project||Not Available||Not Available||$900 M||$0|
|Essential Air Service (Discretionary)||$150 M||$0||$150 M||$155 M|
|Essential Air Service (Mandatory)||$104.2 M||$119.1 M||$119.1 M||$119.1 M|
|Labor and Workforce|
|Department of Labor||$12.2 B||$9.7 B||$10.8 B||Not Available|
|Employment and Training Administration||$10 B||$7.65 B||$8.5 B||Not Available|
|Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)||$3.3 B||$2 B||$3 B||Not Available|
|WIOA Adult Employment and Training||$815.56 M||$490.37 M||$776.74 M||Not Available|
|WIOA Youth Employment and Training||$873.42 M||$523.67 M||$831.84 M||Not Available|
|WIOA Dislocated Worker Training||$1.05 B||$732.49 M||$1.15 B||Not Available|
|Health and Human Services|
|Department of Health and Human Services||$78.142 B||$63.1 B||$77.6 B||Not Available|
|Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)||$3.4 B||$0||$3.4 B||Not Available|
|Administration for Community Living||$1.957 B||$1.814 B||$2.2 B||Not Available|
|Senior Community Service Employment Program||$400 M||$0||$300 M||Not Available|
What Can Regions Do?
Speaking with your representatives and senators is critical. Underline the importance of these programs and how funding cuts would impact your programs and constituents. Another option that sends a strong message to congressional leadership is to send letters and op-eds to your local papers about the impact these cuts will have.
There are multiple ways you can educate your senators and representatives on federal budget issues:
- Set up a meeting with your representative(s) while they are in their home district.
- Invite your local representative(s) to attend one of your regional or coalition meetings.
- Encourage them to visit a site financed by federal funds to highlight what is being achieved and why continuous funding is essential.
- Bring stakeholders together and invite your representative(s) to see the faces of those impacted by programs funded by the federal budget.
Every effort you take to reach out to your representatives and senators while they are in your regions will have an impact, and ultimately, make a difference. And at a time like this, when programs are on the chopping block and Congress wants to cut domestic spending in favor of defense spending, there is no greater time to get involved.
NARC will release a larger, more expansive guide to educating your members of Congress, which we will share with membership.
Please note that NARC plans on holding these budget calls approximately once each month for as long as they are necessary. Look for emails announcing these calls as the details become available. If you have not yet joined us for one of these calls, now is your chance.
NARC would like to thank Deborah Cox, Legislative Director at NACo, and Michael Wallace, Program Director for Federal Advocacy at NLC, for their presentations during the call. For more information, please contact Maci Hurley at email@example.com or Neil Bomberg at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Additional Resources Mentioned on the Call include:
- Four Ways Regions Can Help Prepare for the Upcoming Census - December 6, 2019
- Back to School: Preparing the Next Generation of Regional Leaders - September 5, 2019
- Older Americans Month 2019: Connect, Create, Contribute - May 3, 2019